|The floods in Southern Pakistan before (left) last summers major flooding, during it (middle) and this month (right).|
Photo collage originally from Modis instrument on NASA's Terra satellite. This collage from Geology.com.
|The NASA image of the September frame, with sites labeled for reference.|
The caption released with the images points out several places affected by the floods. Around Sukkur on the inland side, an irrigation network had supported agriculture. Floodwaters overwhelmed a dam north of here, creating a flood that inundated this area and dumped water into the preexisting Manchhar Lake. There is no outlet for this lake, and so the flood waters have sat on the agricultural land for months. Even though the size of the lake has diminished during the autumn months, it is still larger than prior to the 2010 floods (compare the left and right images). Around the coast at Thatta, there is also evidence for lingering damage, with pockets of water remaining in areas which were dry in 2009. Such areas, if stagnant for long, become foci for disease.
The floods themselves were a disaster. The lingering effects such as the drowning of agricultural lands, disease, and dislocation of people from the flooded area are referred to as the "disaster within the disaster". We see how all of these can contribute to political instability in the events that are evolving in Haiti in the wake of the major earthquake there this year.