|Cleveland Volcano, AVO image|
Wednesday, September 7, 2011
Cleveland Volcano in Alaska may erupt soon!
Volcano is in the Aleutians, 940 miles southwest of Anchorage. The dome may spill over onto the flanks with lava flows, or there could be small or large explosive eruptions. There is not a real-time seismic network on the remote volcano.
Cleveland is a stratovolcano, with a beautifully symmetric conical form. The base is 8.5 km diameter, and it is 5,676' high. It comprises the entire western half of Chuginadak Island. Chuginadak refers to the Aleut fire goddess, though to live in the volcano. It is a subduction zone volcano, overlying the Pacific plate plunging under North America. Cleveland is one of the" Islands of Four Mountains," a name given by the Russian cartographers in the 1800's. It is named after the then-president Grover Cleveland (sometime during his presidencies from 1885-1889 and 1893-1897).
It's eruptions are generally vulcanian and strombolian, short explosive bursts, sometimes accompanied by a'a flows, lava fountains, and ash and steam emissions. It has been intermittently active for the last 60 years, with three eruptions in 2009, and two in 2010.